Every five years the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) publishes a Census of Agriculture report. The Census aims at a complete count of America’s farms, ranches and the people who operate them. The Census covers the period from 2012 to 2017. 

The national, state and county-level data on the NASS website highlights the number of farms, land in farms, land use, value of sales, and producer characteristics, such as years of experience, average age and more.

The report shows a national, state and county level. At the national level, in 2017, the total number of producers in the U.S. was 3.4 million, while the total number of female producers increased by nearly 27% since 2012. During that same period, the number of male producers decreased by 1.7%.  The average age of all producers was 57.5 years, which is 1.2 years older than 2012’s average. This reflects a long-term trend of aging in U.S. producers.

At the county level, for example, the total number of farms in Humboldt County in 2017 was 298. Ninety-two percent of the farms were family owned, 90% have internet access and 39% hire farm labor. 

In terms of land use, 31% was used for crops, 58% was pastureland. 

The percentage of producers who do intensive tilling was 23%, while 11% was no till. 

Lander County has 117 farms with 67% of sales in crops and 33% in livestock, poultry, and products. Ninety-six percent of the farms are family owned and 74% have internet access. Thirty-nine percent hire farm labor. 

Land use in Lander County was 14% in crops. Data for other land use categories was unavailable.

The percentage of producers who do intensive tilling was 12% and no till was 9%.

Pershing County has 154 farms with 58% of the share of sales in crops and 42% in livestock, poultry, and products. Ninety-six percent of the farms are family farms, 84% have internet access and 41% hire farm labor.

Land use for Pershing County was 17% cropland and 78% pastureland. 

The percentage of producers who do intensive tilling was 20%, while 10% was no till. 

The October 1 report contains insights on women; Hispanic, Latino or Spanish; American Indian or Alaskan Native; Asian; Black or African America; Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander; and white producers.

In Humboldt County, 185 were operated by women, 31 farms were operated by American Indian or Alaskan Native producers, 52 farms were operated by Hispanic, Latino or Spanish producers, and 285 were operated by White producers.

Race, ethnicity and gender data were not available for either Lander or Pershing County.

To access the full report, go to the USDA website at:

https://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/AgCensus/2017/Online_Resources/Race,_Ethnicity_and_Gender_Profiles/Nevada/